Learning is a process where a student absorbs knowledge from material taught either through books or teachers. By learning, students become smart and are able to know all the knowledge taught. Meanwhile, teaching is also an important aspect of learning carried out by a teacher. In this process, the teacher must also master the right learning process so that students can understand what is being taught. In the world of psychology, there is a branch of science called educational psychology which aims to understand how teachers teach students in an educational environment. In addition, educational psychology also learns how students follow the learning process. The purpose of educational psychology is to increase the way students learn in order to better understand the material being taught and improve the teaching quality of a teacher either in terms of cognitive development, intelligence, motivation, self-concept, self-regulation, or their roles in education.
The Interest Topics in the Scope of Educational Psychology
Currently, the educational system is quite complex and some psychologists will deal with teachers, educators, teachers, and administrators to understand deeply how to increase the people quality in education so they can learn better. A psychologist usually has his or her own way based on theory in order to evaluate students or teachers who probably need some favor by creating a program such as https://hokiku88.org/ which has a purpose to help students who are trying to understand what their teachers teach and help teachers who want to increase his quality of teaching. Anyway, there are a few different topics that become the interest in this educational psychology field such as:
Instructional Design – It aims to help teachers build and design learning materials.
Educational Technology – To see some options for technology use that may support students learning the process.
Curriculum Development – It aims to optimize learning quality based on a curriculum created.
Special Education – It aims to give a favor to students who need special education and instruction.
Gifted Learners – It aims to give a favor to gifted students in increasing their skills and intelligence.
Organizational Learning – It aims to understand how people may learn in the field of organization.
Some Important Figures Behind the Educational Psychology History
Historically, there were some people or figures who played big roles in the process of educational psychology development. Some of those figures are among others:
William James: He was an American psychologist that was very famous thanks to his education lectures with a title of “Talks to Teachers on Psychology,” It focused on how teachers can help students learn the material they taught.
John Locke: He was a philosopher that found the tabula rasa concept, an understanding about human mind which is considered as a blank slate since he or she was born and knowledge can only be obtained through learning and experience.
Alfred Binet: He was a psychologist from France who had developed the first intelligence tests in the world of education physiology.
John Dewey: He was a popular educational reformer and psychologist who had the idea of learning through doing and the importance of progressive education
Jean Piaget: He was a psychologist from Swiss who was very popular for his influential theory related to cognitive development in students.
B.F. Skinner: He was American behaviorist that found the concept of operational conditioning. The research of his on punishment and reinforcement still plays an important role in today’s education system.
History of Educational Psychology
Educational psychology has actually been found since many years ago despite it is still considered as a young subfield. Somehow, educational psychology has already experienced so many developments since it was first introduced. Before the late 1800s, psychology was not known as a separate science, but many educational philosophers started to interest in this field.
Who was the father of educational psychology? Some people consider that Johann Herbart was the father of educational psychology who believed that a topic of learning can really influence students’ interest in learning and he also suggested that teachers need to give the proper instruction to make the students feel interested in the material better.
Instead of Johann Herbart, there was also William James who was a philosopher as well as a psychologist that also gives a contribution to developing education psychology. He created the first textbook that talked about educational psychology. At the same time, there was also Alfred Bined who was a psychologist from France and also had a big role in the development of popular IQ test. The test aimed to identify students capability in learning as well as the developmental delay in order to make particular educational programs.
Educational psychology is such a vast field within the realm of psychology. There are so many topics discussed within this field including learner’s motivation, learning disabilities, teacher instructional processes, and so on. This study aims to make educational process as inclusive and effective as possible so that the main objective of education can be attained: creating generations of lifelong kiu kiu online learners. Research is continuously done to keep up with the challenges in education. The challenges become more and more diverse as the society progresses over time.
Generally, there are two types of research in educational psychology: non-intervention and intervention research. As the names suggest, the difference between these two types of research is the presence of intervention. Intervention is defined as an action given to subject of research with the aim of improving or decreasing certain psychological or behavioral aspects. Although some people would argue that intervention research has more practical use, both types of research provide similar amount of contribution in this study field.
Non-intervention research has so many different varieties. First of all, you can use quantitative and qualitative approaches to do it. There is also a mixed method research which combines the two approaches into one coherent method. Non-intervention research is done to see how certain psychological variables in education relate to each other. People do this usually to get an early finding before they conduct intervention research. An example of this type of research is study of correlation between academic achievement and hours of instruction.
When an educational psychology researcher uses quantitative approach, they will employ statistical methods to see how variables are related or influencing each other. Nowadays, it can be done using various statistical programs such as SPSS and R Package. Quantitative research requires certain number of samples for generalizability. On the contrary, qualitative research studies smaller number of subjects because it does not aim for generalization. It obtains data from interviews, observations, and even literatures (unlike quantitative research which employs psychological scales or questionnaires). The qualitative data obtained are then interpreted according to theoretical framework and researcher’s own reasoning. https://territorioinsular.org/field-of-mathematics/
What about intervention research? This research is done to understand causal relationship between two or more variables. Less number of variables is considered ideals because it really helps educational psychology researcher understanding certain phenomenon a lot better. Intervention plays a huge part in this particular research type, thus designing it as well as possible is really important. In educational psychology research the forms of intervention are pretty diverse. You can find research that involves brain imaging and other lab-based actions. However, you can also find in-class type of intervention such as instructional methods and psycho-education.
Another important part when conducting intervention research is controlling the confounding factors. These factors are variables unrelated to the research design being employed but still influence any of the variables regardless. As an example, you are studying how reading out loud method influences student’s comprehension in reading.
Psychology is interesting subject to explore and learn. It expands into several areas either blends, combine, integrate, or mix with other fields. One of them is educational psychology. This term refers to study of human learning. It involves quantitative analysis to understand the way human acquires the knowledge.
It started since ancient time when education became on the rise. In that time, a study of human was uncommon due to people thought this subject was unrealistic. Today, several concepts and theories have been introduced and developed. To understand more about this branch of psychology, you should start from historical background.
Understanding Educational Psychology
This field has two main perspectives. Firstly, you learn about human capability to obtain knowledge. In this case, researchers will explore aspects such as cognitive and behavior. Furthermore, study also includes motivation, self-regulation, human perceptive, self-concept, and self-assessment.
The second perspective is related to practical implementation. The most common example is educational activity in classroom. It is the small scale of how educational psychology will be implemented. Teachers use several methods and approaches to develop the suitable classroom management. The main objective is students have understand about certain knowledge or content.
Background and History
- Ancient era
Plato and Aristotle have been regarded as the sources of ancient philosophy. In that time, psychology was still unknown but both implemented some techniques to understand their students. They learned about personal characteristic that had significant impact during learning. Plato used experience and sense to understand the world. Aristotle had different approach due to he focused on association. He put much effort on cognitive to understand the event in this world.
- Before 1900
During renaissance, psychology was not interesting subject. Most experts and scientists focuses on physic, math, chemical, biology, art, music, economics, and language. The only person who had significant role in this field was John Locke.
The rise of science and technology changed human life, community, and the world. In this situation, some researchers tried to understand how the human brain works. Many countries started to build schools, colleges, and universities. They wanted the best teaching method and this was the right moment for educational psychology.
Most of experts in this field developed learning method that was application for school. Edward Thorndike was one of leading reformer with teaching method that involved measurement and empirical evidence. In general, all theories and concepts in this era contributed to development of cognitive.
- Modern era
In modern era, John Dewey had been the top list as expert in education http://184.108.40.206. The most significant idea was progressive movement to make students more creative. The concept was different from his predecessors. The main difference was he considered a student as part of education. On the contrary, the old approach only tried how student could learn effectively.
When discussing about educational psychology, Benjamin Bloom is the expert that becomes primary references in many books, articles,
Talking about the educational system, there is an exact learning approach that will work best for everyone. This is because everyone has a different personality and learning ability. Psychologists of education continuously try to identity kinds of learning methods to understand how people absorb new information.
What is educational psychology?
Educational psychology is a study that involves the study and observation of how people learn. This includes main focuses such as student outcomes, individual characteristics in learning, instructional process, and many more.
Educational psychology applies theories of the development of an individual learning process and understanding. Even though students’ and teachers’ interaction in school is important but it is not the main focus of the job. Learning is a lifetime project. People do not only learn from school but also work in social situations, and so on.
What is the main focus of educational psychology?
There are lots of branches of psychology which most of it features different approach or focus that can be used as problem-solving. Education psychology is no exception. The focus area of educational psychology may be also referred to as the elements of teaching and learning situations. Here are some main focuses on educational psychology.
Subject matter – the subject matter refers to the content of learning. The content should be easy to learn. That is why it is supposed to be organized, selected, and presented in a way that makes it easy to learn. Teachers should deliver the content in clear and fluent communication to succeed in this task. Besides, the teacher should also consider the level of difficulty to make sure that learners can easily understand the content.
Learner – in this teaching and learning process, learner plays an important role. Without a learner, there will be no teaching activity. Learners in a classroom bring different personalities, experiences, cultural orientation, economic background, understanding level, and many more. Teachers should be able to address these differences and use the appropriate psychological approach to understand each learner.
Learning process – The learning process brings changes in behavior, reorganizing of thinking, improve performance, and also discover new information and concepts for learners. This learning process involves everything that people usually do when learning. Besides, teachers will also understand the learners’ situations that make the learning process probable.
Learning environment – this refers to the surrounding where learners find themselves and also where the learning process takes place. It can also be defined as any facts that affect the learning process and the learner in anyways. This can be the facilities, learning condition, and so on.
Social climate – Social climate cannot be separated from the learning environment. This factor can help facilitate the learning process or even hinder it. It is referred to like human interaction that happens in any classroom situation between learners and teachers. The interaction can be hostile or cordial which depends on the classroom situation.
Students from Education departments, teachers, trainers, lecturers, and other teaching-related positions must be familiar with this topic. It is mostly taught at the university level or in a training program. Yet, what is the significance of Educational psychology and why should it be taught?
Educational psychology scopes
Educational psychology is a branch of psychology. Focusing on Education, the study includes every subject involved during the teaching and learning process. The main subject is the learners. Topic discussions are mostly related to the human (students) behaviors, the factors, the instruments, the techniques, and more.
This branch has been established for decades because it originally comes from philosophy. There are several figures in this study such as John Locke, B.F. Skinner, Jean Piaget, Benjamin Bloom, Jerome Bruner, Howard Gardner, and more. They had produced some theories that can be applied to the classroom. With dozens of theories related to this study, there are several goals hopefully to be achieved. They are listed below.
Main goals of Educational psychology
To help teachers to understand students better
Students are varied individually. The variation has been categorized in the study to help teachers in identifying the students’ types. There are several categories. The example is students learning styles. Based on this category, students belong to visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners.
Those children show their own characteristics and have their own needs during the learning process. There are more aspects of students’ characteristics such as age, maturity, motivation, learning style, Intelligence level, and others. Once you know a student with his/her characteristics, you can choose the most suitable teaching method in delivering the material and how to deal with your student.
To carry out an effective and meaningful learning process
Understanding students’ characteristics takes time and processes. For the early stage, a teacher can observe and identify the students with the help of some instruments and tests. To make such tests and instruments, Educational psychology has an important role as the theoretical foundation.
The results of the tests will be the teacher’s consideration in choosing and applying teaching strategies, designing daily Idnplay poker activities, using practical languages, deciding reward and punishment methods, designing the learning assessment and evaluation, and others. Those help teachers in establishing an effective and meaningful learning process.
To apply the right principles and solutions to solve students’ learning problem
During the learning process, some students might show some problems like learning difficulties, lacking motivation, bullying, etc. To solve the problems, a teacher should be careful and aware of the student’s personality and the background of the problems. After understanding the characteristics, with the help of Educational psychology, the teacher could find the rightest approach in solving the problems.
To improve teachers’ ability
Educational psychology is not merely a branch to facilitate students’ learning. It is a wide branch that needs to be explored by teachers. After applying the theories in the classroom, the teachers could follow up with research. The finding of the research is the teachers’ contribution to this branch.
The science of Educational psychology is a branch of psychological science that learns about the world of education in terms of developmental intuition, cognitive, and behaviours. The Science of Education psychology is useful to know the types of teaching methods to achieve an effective learning system.
Generally, this educational psychology must be mastered by the teachers. Because, as a teacher it is not only required to master the subject matter. Teachers are also required to create a comfortable learning ambience.
From this comfortable learning ambience , students can absorb the science materials taught by the teachers. For that, there are 6 advantages for teachers that learn about the science of educational psychology.
Here Are 6 Advantages Of learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers.
As a teacher it has a heavy duty, which is to convey knowledge to students. However, there are many obstacles that cause the science to not being understood by the disciples.
For that, a teacher is also obliged to have basic educational psychology. Because, there is a distinct advantage of learning one branch of psychology. To that, here’s 6 advantages of studying the science of education psychology at teachers. Among them are as follows:
Can distinguish student characters
Every human being does have different characters and personalities. Same with the students at school. As a teacher who has an understanding of educational psychology, the teacher can distinguish the students ‘ characters. So, the teacher can adjust the teaching methods of the classroom. So that all the disciples can receive the learning materials delivered by the teacher.
Create a comfortable and conducive learning ambience
One of the barriers of teachers in teaching was the high class condition because of the disciples. However, many teachers choose how to punish the students so that the class condition are returned comfortably and conducive.
However, for teachers studying the psychology of education, it uses persuasive means for students to be calm as teachers explain the lesson. For that, it is good for teachers to be equipped with educational psychology science.
As an objective learning evaluation method
The science of education psychology can be used as an objective method of evaluating learning. So, teachers can provide an objective assessment of the students through exam results. The results of this exam are a reference from teachers to know the level of intelligence of the disciples.
As a medium to motivate students
In one class, there are certainly some students that are unable to absorb the subject matter http://220.127.116.11. As a teacher, you must motivate students that are experiencing problems learning. For the student to have a passion for learning. To motivate the student, you can apply the educational psychology that has been mastered before.
As a character forming Media of the Disciples
As a teacher, you are also required to help shape the disciples ‘ character. On average, the school’s students still don’t understand their future. So, the task of a teacher is to give an idea and thoughts about the future. So, students can choose the future goals that correspond to their dreams. For that, the character formation of student becomes one of the assignments to a teacher.
Psychology and education are interdependent with one another. Because the understanding of psychology itself is in fact a science that studies human behaviour, then, in the world of education, even a professional teacher in their field should have understood the characteristics and mental states of their own students. In other words, such general roles of psychology must be taken into consideration through the study of educational psychology during any types of classroom settings.
This is intended so that a lecturer can educate students in the teaching and learning process properly and optimally. Therefore, a professional educator must acknowledge the science of educational psychology in advance. In the following discussion, there are 4 roles of psychology that are significant in terms of promoting a successful learning process for all students.
Know How Each Students Learn
Here, the role of psychology comes to play in the education area to find ways so that an educator can provide the best way for their students. Certainly, in a way that students are able to learn to the maximum with every potential that they have. In other words, each student has their own way of learning and understanding about a subject matter. Lecturers must also understand that their main tasks are to help students to learn as well as possible in the best way they can. For example, a preschooler would learn things differently than a college student. So, an educator must also know how to approach their students in accordance to their grade level.
Understand Student’s Development
Depending on their age, students’ development affects their ability to capture and respond to the theories delivered by their teacher. If the first role above involves the way students learn depends on their abilities and also their grade level. In this second point, the development of students also becomes an important point in the role of psychology in the world of education. Here, the main focus is to find the right teaching and learning method. That method is appropriate to the development of each student’s intellection.
Contribute in the Decision Making Process of Learning and Teaching
In terms of the role of psychology in the contribution of the decision making process. An educator in their own field must make an optimal lesson plan for their lectures. These can be processed into the form of a curriculum or syllabus. Moreover, being a teacher must also be able to respond quickly and appropriately. If problems occur unexpectedly in theory or the development of students’ intelligence later on.
Make Learning and Teaching Active and Conducive
On this fourth point, it is very important if a teacher creates a better learning environment. Teacher is not just focusing on their role for the students. With a good teaching environment, it is expected that the atmosphere of mutual learning between a teacher and their students can take place decently.
Decades ago, teachers used to be perceived as an all-knowing authority figure. While the students were considered as empty box ready to be loaded with all kinds of information. The learning method was conducted in one-way communication. Where the room for questions, even trivial ones were thought to be a form of disobedience from the students.
One of our greatest inventors
Thomas Alva Edison, was remarked as “difficult child” by his teachers and peers due to his inquisitive nature combined with his hyperactivity. His mother, however, saw his potential and ultimately decided it was best for him to be home schooled where he discovered his desire to challenge the existing system.
The cost of Edison’s hard work paid off when his invention
the lightbulb, which originally came from previous imperfect experimentations on electric light, is commercially produced to light millions of homes around the world. It is now becoming the bare necessity we can’t live without up until this moment.
So, did the world know that Edison will become the greatest inventor and pioneer. That someday would inspire other companies and individuals to improve the quality of his inventions? Yes, it was all started from his mother’s decision to personally taught Edison at home. Which unknowingly created a butterfly effect that fueled his love for science.
It is an undeniable fact that education has a significant role in preparing the next generation for facing the unknown and the uncertain in the future instead of producing similar-minded and ready to use robots. So, stimulating the students to develop their own creativity, critical thinking, and decision-making in receiving complex information are the skills that are highly prioritized for them to become agile, where changes happen quicker and reaction time to changes are becoming shorter.
So, what’s left for the teacher, then? With the rapid awareness in internet literacy, students are able to seek any information any time. Meanwhile, the teacher’s role changes into a supporting figure or a mentor for the students who provide insight and guidance, while the students are now are the star in their own learning process. This is known as student-centered learning.
The first student-centered learning method is inquiry-based learning. Instead of directly providing facts and data during the class, the teacher gives a case or question that needs to be solved by the students. This method emphasizes on independent knowledge seeking, analyzing, and concluding in forms of either presentation, video, printed display, or academic writing. In inquiry-based learning, the “what” evolves into “how”. Thus it creates a stimulation for the students to understand the given topic comprehensively.
The second method is expeditionary learning. This method focuses on the student as a significant part of their community. Although it is not widely applied in educational institutions yet. This method implies that the students can and able to change the world, even through small impact in their environment.
For example, a student might learn about heavy metal pollution in soil poses a dangerous threat to people. Who consume vegetables and fruits which grow from the contaminated soil. He found out that sunflower has the ability to absorb dangerous chemical substances. He decided to try planting sunflowers in the affected soil in order to decrease the likelihood of heavy metal contamination. Then, he conducted a lab test on the soil’s heavy metal content before and after the treatment from time to time to compare the effectivity of the sunflower’s performance in absorbing the heavy metals. He would conclude the optimum period of time of the sunflower performance based on the data he collected.
Nowadays, the system of education is extremely complex. It means that there are some approaches that should be done to make students understand. Hence, educational psychologists focus on studying and learning methods to preserve the latest information. When it comes to the educational system, the ethics should be known and learn at first. Ethics in educational psychology refers to some proper rules when doing research. Thus, it is important to have accountability to protect the students as participants of the research from impairment.
Moral issues sometimes used to point the ethics. For this reason, it is used to justify whether the research is wrong or not. One of the most crucial issues when it comes to psychology in the educational field is making an allowance to the extent due to the research ethical. Hence, there are some ethical values in educational psychology you need to know.
Safety from impairment
The most important values of ethics are to make the students feel safe from a psychological, impairment, or else. The harm, furthermore, could be so tricky to do since it is able to depend on the person as well as being complicated to perceive, both the researchers and the participants. However, the researchers know how to do their best to put off any gratuitous stress toward the participants.
When talking about ethics in educational psychology, it is essential to let the participant give their own withdraw rights. It means that they are allowed to run off the study anytime they want as well as let them know the impacts. It will make them feel more unhampered as well. Furthermore, it will also make them feel confident about the results they have already made.
After the withdrawal rights, it is good to keep the result in secret. Therefore, you will need to make the result anonymous so that the other students will not be able to recognize the results.
It is well known that some studies may have some dishonesty results in anyways. For this reason, the ethics are used to prevent such characteristic which is able to stir up upon conclusion and result of the learning. Dishonesty, on the other hand, is adjacent to the ethical average set.
After the learning has already done, conducting debriefing is the next step the researcher should obtain. First of all, it is used to make sure that the students are all good without any impairment by the learning. On the other hand, it is also intended to ensure that you have already educated assent. In addition, debriefing also allows the students to have an occasion to eliminate the result of the study. Nevertheless, sometimes debriefing cannot work properly as the students did not recognize that they were joining the research.
When it comes to educational psychology, it means everything about human development is learned. It used to comprehend personal learning as well as update the instructional procedures. While the student and teacher interaction is also part of the work, it doesn’t mean that their job is all about things.
Educational psychology is a branch of psychology which focuses on learning behaviors of human. To put it simply, educational psychology is concerned specifically to educational field where learning is involved. It includes the processes of learning from various perspective. Using educational psychology, we know and understand more differences of every individual in learning and using their intelligence in the process. Educational psychology uses both behavioral and cognitive perspective. Psychologists who work in the educational field research or study how people retain and learn knowledge. Psychological science is applied in order to improve and promote better learning process. Thus, educational success can be achieved.
About educational psychology and educational system
Keep in mind that educational system has been changing from time to time. It is a complex system that cannot be created using simple approaches. In fact, there is no single approach that can be considered work for everyone. Every individual has their own characteristics which influence the way they learn. Thus, educational psychology is needed to identify and study learning methods and approaches so that we can understand more how people retain and absorb new information.
Educational psychology is often used to promote educational success at school. However, it is not the only aim of educational psychology. Keep in mind that learning is not always about the formal one where it is conducted at school. It is in fact a long life endeavor because people also learn in any places such as at work, social situations, etc. The main function of educational psychology is to identify and examine how people learn and what kind of approaches and techniques to make the process of learning more effective given to variety of settings.
Application of educational psychology
Educational psychology is applied to study the cognitive, judi dadu online, social, and emotional learning processes. The findings can be used to help improve the learning process to be more successful. Some psychologists also work in specialized group in order to improve educational development. For example, psychologists may specialize in the educational development of adults, adolescences, children, or dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Every psychologists may specialize to study particular group of people. However, the main things that they work on still involve teaching methods, effective learning strategies, including the instructional process.
There are various things can be found using educational psychology, such as what factors influence the effectiveness of learning, how much time does the person needs to retain new information, what media is considered most effective to promote successful learning, and many more. There are many kinds of findings by learning educational psychology that can be used to promote more educational success in variety of settings. Therefore, educational psychology is one of the most important branches in psychology to help us understand more about humans and their tendencies in learning. Every individual is different which makes it more complex but interesting to find out.
More about educational psychology and its important elements
Keep in mind that in the field of educational and learning process, there are many factors involved including the use of memory, the concept to process information, differences in individuals cognitively, and strategies of learning process. As for today’s educational system, educational psychology plays important role to help promote educational success. We know more about intelligence and how to conceptualize it into something that can help people in general. Not to mention that by understanding intelligence, it is now possible for special students to receive education properly. It is because they cannot just follow regular classrooms curriculum since it doesn’t fit their characteristics and needs. They have different way of learning and need different approaches to achieve educational success.
Educational psychologists are a broad profession since they work together with social workers, psychiatrists, therapists, counselors. As well as teachers to understand more about learning process. They work to study and understand more behavioral, cognitive, and social psychology that is especially used in classroom setting.
Through educational psychology, we also learn about conditioning and learning which includes the theories of human development. There are stages in which people are considered able to start retaining and absorbing new information and how to learn it. In this case, changes in life stages affect the way people learn including mental abilities, beliefs, moral reasoning, social roles, and many more.
Aside from developmental theories, another influential factor of learning behavior is motivation. It affects internal state of human and how they learn. Motivation can be used as a guide to reach learning goals. It can also help promotes cognitive processing abilities to perform more effectively. It can also influence how human use they effort and energy in the process of learning so the direction is more clear. Thus, educational psychology is a complex study that involves variety of things related to human and their learning process.
Purposes of Educational Psychology itself is important element in life that influences other fields. Thus, education is considered as basic needs human have to fulfill. It is not only about educational formal settings at school. Education is also about learning new information and how to adapt to changes. Keep in mind that education is also about learning an studying in instructional ways. It is more structured and systematic so the goals can be achieved. Meanwhile, psychology is also important element in life because it studies about human beings and their mental properties.
Furthermore, education and psychology are two important elements that can help us to learn more effectively in variety of settings such as formal institutions, social setting, etc. Therefore, there is educational psychology which is a branch of psychology that focuses on how human retain and absorb new information using variety of mental properties including intelligence, motivation, etc. Educational psychology uses various factors and perspectives to study human beings and their learning process. Cognitive, behavioral, and emotional perspectives are essential elements in educational psychology.
Through educational psychology, it is easier to study individuals especially their point of of view in learning. While psychology studies people in general, educational psychology focuse more in the educational settings and teaching and learning are involved regardless of the settings. Basically, educational psychology is a study about how human learn and process information. Therefore, it is expected to be easier to find the right and more effective strategies and methods required for educational success. It also studies what human can do to execute learning process. To put it simply, educational psychology studies human learning through logical and experimental approaches.
The function of educational psychology
Education system is complex. It is difficult to generalize teaching and learning approach because not every method works for every individual. Therefore, educational psychology is needed to find out individual characteristics in learning and processing new information. This way, it can be found the most effective methods, strategies, or approaches to help improve teaching and learning process. Educational psychology plays important role in promoting educational success. Its main function is to study human learning to encourage and promote effective teaching and learning methods in variety of settings. With educational psychology, it is possible for every individual to reach the peak of their potential in learning. Every individual is different which in return requires different learning method.
Educational psychology is important to help educational practitioners like teachers or social workers to understand more about individual difference in terms of learning. They will also understand more about individual power of the individuals they are teaching. Through educational psychology, teachers will be more aware about the mental power they can use to optimize the teaching process and promote effective learning for every individual they are teaching. Promoting the methods of teaching and learning poker uang asli http://18.104.22.168 can be consider as the main function of educational psychology.
How important is educational psychology?
The importance of educational psychology cannot be measured quantitatively. However, there are several important points to show the importance of educational psychology, such as:
- Psychology and education are both important. Meanwhile psychology benefits education since it can help build proper foundation in educational system.
- Our life involves variety of aspects and components. Those can affect the way we learn in general. With educational psychology, it is possible to understand those aspects and components better. Therefore, it is possible to find out more effective learning methods.
- In the process of learning, physical elements are not the only influential things. Mental, and emotional states also involved and influential to the learning process. Those can affect the result of learning as well. Thus, educational psychology study all related factors especially the mental power that contribute to the process of learning. Therefore, teachers can understand more about the individual’s mind they are teaching. This way, it is more possible to encourage and promote successful learning skills development.
- Educational psychology plays important role for teacher to understand more about their students. Thus, it will be easier to create strong bond between them. Strong bond between teachers and students can help promote healthy relationships which results in more successful teaching-learning process.
We need Psychology in education because it can help promote the importance of problem solving-skills. The main purpose of learning is not only to gain new knowledge or process information. It is also about developing ability to solve problems. Basically, the scope of educational psychology is wide. This Psychology education not limited to formal educational settings such as schools. It is use more in those environments because it benefits education system in many ways. There are benefits that both teachers and students can gain so teaching and learning process is more effective.
Learning is a lifelong process so there is no end of it. It doesn’t involve only formal settings, in variety of settings, the process of learning is essential. Human has specific development and growth which can be successfully promoted by education. However, every individual is different in many ways both physical and mental perspective. Every individual is unique which makes learning method is also different from one person to another. There are many factors affecting the way individual behaves to particular subject they are learning. To understand more about human beings and their mental perspective, psychology is needed. Furthermore, educational psychology is important part that can help understand more human development and growth.
The focus of educational psychology
Educational psychology has wide range which is not limited into formal situation. It focuses on learning process according to the human development stages that every individual passes. Therefore, there are variety of factors influencing how the theory works and how the findings can be used. Those factors include mental abilities, as well as moral reasoning and social roles every individual has. Not to mention that every individual’s beliefs about the nature of knowledge can also influence they learn and perceive the information.
Educational psychology is helpful to find out the ways to create harmonious growth as well as rightful conduct of individual including children, adolescence, adults, and old people. However, educational psychology doesn’t rely on assumption or baseless theory. Every findings are gained through various research and experimental approaches for more accurate results. Therefore. The facts can be delivered and used to promote effective teaching and learning methods.
Field of Education
There are various problems in the field of education. Solving those problems are a must because they can block the potentials of learners. Educational problems can also hold the teachers to teach effectively. Therefore, educational psychology is there to help identify the problems and help teachers and educational practitioners to develop the right attitudes when handling the problems. Through educational psychology, it is more possible to build effective and systematic management of learning. It is challenging to find effective management of learning in educational settings. The right methods should be found to deliver the right instructions and amount for effective learning.
Since very individual is unique and has their own characteristics, educational psychology can help teachers to understand every individual’s mental power and how to use it to the fullest. It is easier for teacher to organize essentials needed to teach every individual effectively. The teacher will be more aware about the concept of teaching-learning process which is more than delivering materials. It is about how to understand the wholesome of every individual they are teaching. Therefore, it is easier to find the right methods that can help promote effective learning.
The life of learner is influenced by many factors as mentioned earlier. Those include thinking, environmental influences, social role, language, beliefs, and other things related and affected their life as a learner. Those factors also influence the pace every individual has in learning something. Every individual may require different conditioning of learning process that that fits more with their circumstances. This Educational psychology can help teacher to decide appropriate set up of educational situations and methods to help learners reach their educational goals successfully.
Educational psychology for teachers and students
Educational psychology gives huge contribution to promote positive teaching-learning circumstances in the classroom. The process of teaching is not easy for teachers. In the process of teaching and learning, materials are important but it is not the main factor that contribute to the success. Delivering material can be simple. However, teaching and learning process is beyond delivering materials to learn. In the process, understanding and sympathy are needed because those can help create positive continues growth of individuals. Therefore, educational psychology is needed to help educational practitioners promote healthy, positive attitude towards learning.
It is also known that classroom’s problems are varied and teachers face it on daily basis. It is not an easy task for teacher to conduct successful teaching and learning given different students involved in the situation. Therefore, educational psychology helps teachers to have better understanding about their task. Teaching situation is not always so predictable. However, educational psychology can help teacher to use scientific approaches and attitudes to overcome every problem.
Furthermore, teachers don’t always teach in the classroom. Students still have to pass the learning process out of class. However, educational psychology helps teachers to understand and use the right methods to help their students learn effectively in variety of settings. Teachers can also learn and understand more the variety of teaching methods they can use to promote educational success. Thus, teachers can decide which method that fits their students more according to their behavioral and cognitive skills/characteristics in learning.
Now being one of academic fields, academic psychology has proven to become great for social science for researchers. For example, it’s going to be able to aid teachers to decide how abstract or concrete their lessons need to improve, based on how old their students are. At length, it covers different styles of instruction and instruction to make sure all college students have the opportunity to learn in a sense which is perfect for them. Similar to any other science; besides, it has developed objective procedures of collection of info.
Educational psychology is a relatively new and growing field of analysis. It’s a good science-fiction. It’s a field within the more significant industry of psychology which is focused on studying how people find out http://22.214.171.124/. It has seen rapid rise and improvement as a profession within the last twenty-five decades.
Fundamentally, psychologists analyze the main reason they perform the things that they do. Psychologist explained I did not comprehend the way the teacher could teach minus the wisdom of Education Psychology. The occupational psychologist aims to boost efficacy, efficiency, and satisfaction at work. Probably the Most Popular Instructional Psychology
Hopefully, you are going to discover how to describe and soberly assess the experimental processes many commonly used by psychologists employed in cognitive neuroscience and explore their relative suitability in quite a few domains. There indeed are a variety of manners in that people believe an educational psychologist could be an advocate for justice.
Academic psychologists participate in a broad selection of livelihood. Academic phychologists function in a variety of settings. They have lots of job opportunities open to them in an assortment of different sites. They aren’t the same as faculty psychologists.
What Does Educational Psych Mean?
A teacher must learn the best basics of teaching-learning, various approaches to instruction for far better results of teaching-learning
procedure. It’s critical for a teachers to instruct his pupils based on their mental capabilities. Teachers also must recognize the absolute best way to check their college students regarding development or knowledge. Therefore educational psychology additionally must study on the most effective tactics to carry out evaluations or exploration on students in a class.
Academic psychology graduate programs pay attention to the science supporting the way humans know. Very similar to educational psych apps on a traditional brick-and-mortar campus, online educational psych graduate programs could be provided in an array of levels and focuses.
As most educational psych graduate programs might be entirely on the web, with the developing role of technologies within the field of grad education, a rising number of community campuses are now offering online courses together with their conventional ones.
Academic Psychology and Educational Psychology – The Perfect Combination
In phase one, students pick whether their current thoughts are acceptable for that job accessible. Asynchronous means that they are ready to sign in to their schedule to finish the class requirements in their convenience.
In the Ph.D. program, students will expect you’ll end a dissertation on an original research subject and have to likewise complete a two-year internship for a part of this application. Furthermore, college students understand how to employ qualitative and quantitative study expertise in a manner that promotes educational improvement when valuing diversity. Except under exceptional conditions, a full-time student pupil should complete the program within just five years.
School psychologists earn a median income of $78,690 annually. Behavior is a fascinating field that finds its usage in many cases. In an identical way as any other science, academic psychology, also, has grown scientific processes of the collection of advice. Plus, it is a very lively field that would be popular in the next several years. It is good science. It’s a field in the more significant subject of psych which is dedicated to analyzing how people discover http://126.96.36.199/. It enables the teacher in performing so.
A fantastic app evaluation will give hint at how the program can be improved, at the case the program is effective in addition to assessing the potency of how particular areas of the app. It isn’t the sole place that can involve an educational psychologist. A program evaluation can likewise assure that each of official rules and prerequisites is satisfied. A smartly designed app evaluation will offer advice about how well a course does as well to how well it has already been executed.
Research by educational psychologists may occur at the same time or within a lengthier period. Correlational and experimental analysis are just two other techniques of exploration that an educational researcher may utilize. You may even think of an investigation or teaching assistant position during the summertime that you’re finishing your research studies.
The Honest-to-goodness Truth About Instructional Psychology
When you have graduated, then you will soon be an ability to position to assist experts in mental health centers and rehab workplaces. Inch psychologist stated I didn’t understand how a teacher could teach without the knowledge of education Psychology. If you want to be a psychologist in the education program, you have to get accredited.
Industrial-organizational psychologists concentrate on workplace behavior. Usually together with emotional axioms to boost worker productivity and pick employees who are best-suited for specific tasks. The student psychologist will utilize the results of exploration to how students find out how to build up a program to assist the student’s progress. Educational psychologists get involved in a broad array of careers. They play a broad range of project assignments in quite a few different preferences. They might also decide to collect advice in educators as a way to assess a program. For instance, an educational psychologist might be fascinated with how to earn schooling stuff more available for students to better their capability to learn. Educational psychologists aren’t identical to school psychologists.
The Tutorial Psych Game
Pupils are motivated should they want or love everything they are doing if there’s no benefit or reward for this. Furthermore, pupils learn how to employ quantitative and qualitative research capabilities in a manner that promotes educational advancement while assessing variety. Pupils without an adequate track record in distinct areas of the program could potentially be requested to perform additional credits beyond the minimal.
Participants involved in evaluation development and program design enjoy a higher earning capacity for a consequence of these comprehensions of computer and educational technology. Many folks believe that by acquiring a psychology level, they may then turn into a psychologist immediately away. To become a clinical psychologist, you want a doctoral-level degree in clinical psych, and a lot of countries require at least a one-time internship.
Education is a major factor in human formation. Education plays a role in shaping the good or bad of human beings according to normative measures. On the other hand, the process of development and human education not only occurs and is influenced by the educational process that exists in the formal education system (school) only. Humans throughout their lives will always get influence from family, school, nature, and the wider community or we call it as environmental education.
What is environmental education?
Basically, environmental education is a kind of education that allows you to connect with the surrounding environment. It is not only about learning, but it will teach us about both the built environment and the natural environment. With this kind of education, the people will be more aware of several problems that may influence our environment and how to improve or sustain it. It is very important to embed the education about the environment for students so they will care about our nature.
What are the benefits of environmental education?
There are a few advantages of environmental education that can also be applied to either formal education or informal education such as:
- Environmental education can provide information to students about the importance of protecting the environment.
- It can give awareness to students about the importance of the environment.
- It can find out how sensitive students are to the surrounding environment.
- Providing opportunities for everyone to gain knowledge, skills, attitudes/behaviors, motivation, and commitment, which are needed to work individually.
- Environmental education includes the affective aspects of behavior, values, and commitment needed to build a sustainable society.
- Environmental education in schools is one of the implementations of character education. Character education and environmental education instill character values to students which include knowledge (cognitive), awareness or willingness (effective), and action (psychomotor) to implement these values.
- The process of developing the values on which becomes the base of the character requires an ongoing process, carried out through various subjects in the curriculum and one of them is through environmental educations,
- Education is a planned effort in developing the potential of learners so that they have a system of thinking, values, morals, and beliefs that are inherited by their people and develop that heritage in a direction that is suitable for present and future lives.
- Education is also a community and nation’s effort in preparing its young generation for a better life for the people and nation in the future. Sustainability is marked by cultural inheritance and character that has been owned by the people and nation.
Educational psychology specifically describes activities or human activities in relation to the educational situation. For example, how to attract attention so that lessons can be easily accepted, how to learn and so on. It also has a big relation to educational science and games https://daduonline88.com/. Educational science requires learners to understand all about science materials. Somehow, teachers who bring this lesson need to use some approaches in the science learning. What are the approaches that a teacher can take?
It is a learning approach that starts from a specific one to or towards the general one or starts from examples to a conclusion.
It is the opposite of an inductive approach, which is an approach that starts from the general to or towards the specific or starts from the conclusion to the examples.
It is an approach that directs students to use the environment as a learning resource. In the implementation of the environmental approach, students are generally taught outside the classroom. But, it is not impossible under certain conditions or to study certain objects can be carried to bring the environment into the classroom or into the laboratory.
It is an approach that directs students to master the concept correctly. This approach is very important to avoid students being misconstrued.
It is a process-oriented approach, not to results. In this approach, students are expected to truly master the concept. Students not only understand the concept but can also illustrate or model and even conduct experiments. If students are able to do the learning process properly and correctly, it is assumed that they will be able to receive learning outcomes well.
It is an approach that directs or trains students to be able to solve problems in the field of science or study fields studied. Problems are differences or gaps that occur between the desired and the reality that occurs so that the desire arises to solve it or find a solution.
It is an approach that directs students to find knowledge, ideas, and information through their own efforts.
Community technology science approach
Basically, the community technology science approach in learning is carried out by the teacher through topics discussed by connecting between science and technology related to their use in society. The goals include increased motivation and learning achievement in addition to broadening students’ knowledge.
Educational psychology is basically oriented towards the process of activities of people who study and teach including approaches, strategies, results, teaching and learning methods used by both learners and teachers. In the end, educational psychology can be used as a practical guide as well as a theoretical study because educational psychology is basically one of the psychology disciplines that investigates the psychological problems that occur in the world of education.
So, what are the benefits of learning educational psychology?
Understanding student differences
Each student has different abilities and potential. As a teacher, it is necessary to understand the differences in the characteristics of each student, the stages of development and the type of behavior. This understanding can produce appropriate learning interactions and effective and efficient learning.
Not only that, the teacher’s understanding of these differences makes it possible to provide learning interactions that are different for each student so that the approach and learning process can be more acceptable without distinguishing students personally or choosing favoritism.
Creating a conducive learning climate in the classroom
The ability of teachers to create a conducive learning climate improves the effectiveness of teaching and learning activities in the classroom. Knowledge about the basic principles of approach and pleasant interaction with students in accordance with each student’s characteristics will provide a conducive learning climate and an effective learning process.
Choosing the right learning strategy
Studying psychology to get to know the characteristics of each student and knowing the preferred learning method such as from https://dadupokerqq.com/ will provide the ability to choose the right learning strategies in the classroom. The right learning strategy will provide an effective teaching and learning situation.
Providing guidance to students
Psychology gives the teacher the ability to be a guide for students with an emotional approach from the heart to heart to gain students’ trust. When students have given the teacher a sense of trust, the process of solving problems for an effective learning process can be done easily.
Interacting appropriately with students
The principles of psychology underline the right way of communicating in learning. Communication with students is expressed by placing themselves according to the stages of student development. Thus, it can provide a pleasant interaction. Adjustment to the stages of growth and development of students create a teacher’s understanding from the students perspective and know the desires or learning processes that they like and also the character of each student.
Providing evaluation of learning outcomes
As an educator, by studying educational psychology, you will be able to provide a fair assessment of learning outcomes. In addition, it can also adjust to each student’s abilities without distinguishing from one another. Evaluation of learning outcomes can be in the form of intelligence tests, attitudes, and activeness in attending school activities. These three things determine the quality of repairs whether the behavior of students becomes better.
Provision of educational psychology for teachers can provide support, encouragement or motivation for their students in the spirit of higher learning. Educational psychology teaches about understanding each student’s characteristics and providing motivation according to the character so that it is more effective in influencing students’ learning spirit. Giving positive support to students results in increased enthusiasm for learning.
Set learning goals
Educational psychology helps teachers to determine learning objectives for what behavioral changes are desired as learning outcomes. Learning objectives are set for each material that will be given. Therefore, learning objectives are used as a benchmark for the suitability of learning outcomes whether they are considered successful or not.
The use of appropriate learning media
Knowledge of educational psychology is also useful to determine the right learning media for students, for example, audio, visual, motoric, and so on as fun learning activities. Learning media is also adjusted to the learning material that will be delivered. Students are sometimes more interested in learning processes that use audiovisual components in the process of understanding the material and are more efficient in developing students’ imagination.
Educational mathematical becomes the most difficult teaching process that many math teachers face. Somehow, concerning educational psychology, educational mathematics has to be done correctly in order to give a better understanding to students. Anyway, there are a few ultimate tips on how to teach math well to make students understand it easily.
- Use a variety of multimedia
Some illustration in the form of images in boring textbooks and one-way teaching systems can make students become more confused with mathematics. Somehow, a teacher needs to use some teaching media such as using videos https://funbet88.net/ or animation that illustrate the issues so students become more attentive because there is a visual appeal.
- Start with a short question
For the beginning, we can provide short mathematical problems with fewer known elements. Then, lure students to ask other instructions that can help solve the problem slowly. This is to find out whether students have understood the concept of formulas and made them more active.
- Create games
It is undeniable that creating a game is a good way to make students interested in learning match. Well, a teacher can arrange games competition between groups to solve math problems. The ability of students can also be seen from this method because they do not get score pressure so that we can pure measure the extent to which the students understand the subject matter.
- Map your students
It is indeed quite difficult to analyze each student individually, but a teacher is able to start with students mapping through the most difficult material for students. Then, the teacher can analyze their quiz results and exams, and evaluate the students who have difficulties in learning Mathematics. Thus, the teacher will understand who need more help in this educational mathematics.
- Create a learning group
After students are well mapped, you can form a study group consisting of students who are expected to complement each other. For example, a combination of several students who are quick and easy to understand with some students who have difficulty in learning math. Thus, students will be able to help each other and then the students will understand the material well.
Well, those are the five ultimate ways that any math teachers try in order to help students understand this difficult lesson. In fact, there are actually other ways concerning the educational mathematics that will make teachers feel easy to teach their students.
Educational psychology has become the basis for the formation and development of curriculum systems, learning, and assessment in the world of education. Its contribution to the development of the world education can be explained as follows:
The role of psychology in the education curriculum
Psychologically, students’ self-development is based on affective, cognitive, and psychomotor abilities. This ability can be seen in the development of attitudes, motivation, behavior, and other components. The learning component is a process from input to output. Then, the use of the curriculum as a framework for the flow of inputs to the output or good results requires the nature of psychology.
The curriculum that is currently being developed is a competency-based curriculum. Competence aims to develop capabilities in skills, knowledge, and reflection in thinking and acting. The habit of thinking and acting with consistent self-reflection allows the formation of a superior and competent students.
The role of psychology in the learning system
Associated with psychological theories that affect a person in behaviour, psychology also influences the learning system in the world of education positively. Students become serious about learning when the psychological response is guided by the teacher well. In addition, the process of understanding a topic’s learning becomes easier by solving the learning problems experienced. The desire becomes higher with the psychological approach of the teacher with pleasant interaction and communication.
Besides, educational psychology has also given birth to the principles of learning as described by Sudirwo:
– A person who learns must have a goal.
– Goals are born of needs, not coercion
– Must be willing to experience some difficulties.
– Learning is proven by behavior change.
– Learning requires insight into what must be learned and understood.
– Someone needs guidance.
– Exams need to be done but are preceded by understanding.
The role of psychology in the assessment system
Psychology has also given its role in the scoring system. For example, an educator can use a psychological test to find out the level of intelligence of students, aptitude tests from https://sinarmas88.win/ to find out potential talents contained in students so that it is easier to provide guidance in helping develop the students’ self-potential.
The personality aspect test can also help teachers know their students’ personalities better so that they can provide a better approach in the learning process. Various psychological tests can help provide an assessment of each student to make it easier to bridge the wishes, potential, and dreams of students in accordance with their abilities and talents.
When talking about psychology, particularly in the field of education, some educational psychologists may consider a few different perspectives when they face some problem in an education system. These perspectives can describe how students or learners can increase their skills when they are following a certain learning process.
Here are a few perspectives that most educational psychologists see as important parts.
The behavioral perspective is to explain that students behaviors can be learned based on conditioning. Most of the psychologists that consider this perspective as the option count on the operant conditioning principles in order to describe how the learning process occurs. For instance, instructions, educators, and teachers can use simple items to give a reward to students with good behaviors such as using toys or candy. In fact, this method may not totally succeed in certain cases, especially in the term of attitudes, intrinsic motivation for learning, cognition.
The developmental perspective gives a clear definition of how learners get some new knowledge and skills in the learning process as they join the class. One of the most popular development theory that is also considered as the most important one was first introduced by Jean Piaget with his cognitive development stage. It explains how kids or learners can develop and grow smartly and intellectually. This can be very useful for any education psychologists who want to understand what learners can get or do as they grow. In this case, it can also help teachers prepare the best instructional materials according to learners’ ages.
The cognitive perspective has been experiencing a great development since it was first introduced in which it focuses on several aspects such as emotions, belief, motivation, and memories that may contribute it the learning process. Cognitive psychology aims to understand how students learn, think, remember, and process information in the field of education. This cognitive perspective is preferable because educational psychologists are able to know how learners or students can be motivated to study, how they are able to solve some issues in the learning process, and how they can remember that materials they study, and much more.
The constructivist approach belongs to a new theory in the field of educational psychology that understands who students can actively construct the information they get from the learning process related to the world. Constructivism also relies on several aspects such as cultural impacts and social influence that can influence how kids study or learn.
Somehow, the field of educational psychology may be still a new discipline that will keep growing up as many experts feel interested in knowing about how students learn something in order to increase the quality of learning process.