Tag: psychological education

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

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Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

Psychology is interesting subject to explore and learn. It expands into several areas either blends, combine, integrate, or mix with other fields. One of them is educational psychology. This term refers to study of human learning. It involves quantitative analysis to understand the way human acquires the knowledge.

It started since ancient time when education became on the rise. In that time, a study of human was uncommon due to people thought this subject was unrealistic. Today, several concepts and theories have been introduced and developed. To understand more about this branch of psychology, you should start from historical background.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Understanding Educational Psychology

This field has two main perspectives. Firstly, you learn about human capability to obtain knowledge. In this case, researchers will explore aspects such as cognitive and behavior. Furthermore, study also includes motivation, self-regulation, human perceptive, self-concept, and self-assessment.

The second perspective is related to practical implementation. The most common example is educational activity in classroom. It is the small scale of how educational psychology will be implemented. Teachers use several methods and approaches to develop the suitable classroom management. The main objective is students have understand about certain knowledge or content.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Background and History
  1. Ancient era

Plato and Aristotle have been regarded as the sources of ancient philosophy. In that time, psychology was still unknown but both implemented some techniques to understand their students. They learned about personal characteristic that had significant impact during learning.  Plato used experience and sense to understand the world. Aristotle had different approach due to he focused on association. He put much effort on cognitive to understand the event in this world.

  1. Before 1900

During renaissance, psychology was not interesting subject. Most experts and scientists focuses on physic, math, chemical, biology, art, music, economics, and language. The only person who had significant role in this field was John Locke.

The rise of science and technology changed human life, community, and the world. In this situation, some researchers tried to understand how the human brain works. Many countries started to build schools, colleges, and universities. They wanted the best teaching method and this was the right moment for educational psychology.

Most of experts in this field developed learning method that was application for school. Edward Thorndike was one of leading reformer with teaching method that involved measurement and empirical evidence. In general, all theories and concepts in this era contributed to development of cognitive.

  1. Modern era

In modern era, John Dewey had been the top list as expert in education http://45.76.162.200. The most significant idea was progressive movement to make students more creative. The concept was different from his predecessors. The main difference was he considered a student as part of education. On the contrary, the old approach only tried how student could learn effectively.

When discussing about educational psychology, Benjamin Bloom is the expert that becomes primary references in many books, articles,

Main Focus on Educational Psychology

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Main Focus on Educational Psychology

Talking about the educational system, there is an exact learning approach that will work best for everyone. This is because everyone has a different personality and learning ability. Psychologists of education continuously try to identity kinds of learning methods to understand how people absorb new information.

Main Focus on Educational Psychology
Main Focus on Educational Psychology
What is educational psychology?

Educational psychology is a study that involves the study and observation of how people learn. This includes main focuses such as student outcomes, individual characteristics in learning, instructional process, and many more.

Educational psychology applies theories of the development of an individual learning process and understanding. Even though students’ and teachers’ interaction in school is important but it is not the main focus of the job. Learning is a lifetime project. People do not only learn from school but also work in social situations, and so on.

What is the main focus of educational psychology?

There are lots of branches of psychology which most of it features different approach or focus that can be used as problem-solving. Education psychology is no exception. The focus area of educational psychology may be also referred to as the elements of teaching and learning situations. Here are some main focuses on educational psychology.

Main Focus on Educational Psychology
Main Focus on Educational Psychology

Subject matter – the subject matter refers to the content of learning. The content should be easy to learn. That is why it is supposed to be organized, selected, and presented in a way that makes it easy to learn. Teachers should deliver the content in clear and fluent communication to succeed in this task. Besides, the teacher should also consider the level of difficulty to make sure that learners can easily understand the content.

Learner – in this teaching and learning process, learner plays an important role. Without a learner, there will be no teaching activity. Learners in a classroom bring different personalities, experiences, cultural orientation, economic background, understanding level, and many more. Teachers should be able to address these differences and use the appropriate psychological approach to understand each learner.

Learning process – The learning process brings changes in behavior, reorganizing of thinking, improve performance, and also discover new information and concepts for learners. This learning process involves everything that people usually do when learning. Besides, teachers will also understand the learners’ situations that make the learning process probable.

Learning environment – this refers to the surrounding where learners find themselves and also where the learning process takes place. It can also be defined as any facts that affect the learning process and the learner in anyways. This can be the facilities, learning condition, and so on.

Social climate – Social climate cannot be separated from the learning environment. This factor can help facilitate the learning process or even hinder it. It is referred to like human interaction that happens in any classroom situation between learners and teachers. The interaction can be hostile or cordial which depends on the classroom situation.

What Is Educational Psychology For?

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What Is Educational Psychology For?

Students from Education departments, teachers, trainers, lecturers, and other teaching-related positions must be familiar with this topic. It is mostly taught at the university level or in a training program. Yet, what is the significance of Educational psychology and why should it be taught?

What Is Educational Psychology For?
What Is Educational Psychology For?

Educational psychology scopes

Educational psychology is a branch of psychology. Focusing on Education, the study includes every subject involved during the teaching and learning process. The main subject is the learners. Topic discussions are mostly related to the human (students) behaviors, the factors, the instruments, the techniques, and more.

This branch has been established for decades because it originally comes from philosophy. There are several figures in this study such as John Locke, B.F. Skinner, Jean Piaget, Benjamin Bloom, Jerome Bruner, Howard Gardner, and more. They had produced some theories that can be applied to the classroom. With dozens of theories related to this study, there are several goals hopefully to be achieved. They are listed below.

What Is Educational Psychology For?
What Is Educational Psychology For?

Main goals of Educational psychology

  1. To help teachers to understand students better

Students are varied individually. The variation has been categorized in the study to help teachers in identifying the students’ types. There are several categories. The example is students learning styles. Based on this category, students belong to visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners.

Those children show their own characteristics and have their own needs during the learning process. There are more aspects of students’ characteristics such as age, maturity, motivation, learning style, Intelligence level, and others. Once you know a student with his/her characteristics, you can choose the most suitable teaching method in delivering the material and how to deal with your student.

  1. To carry out an effective and meaningful learning process

Understanding students’ characteristics takes time and processes. For the early stage, a teacher can observe and identify the students with the help of some instruments and tests. To make such tests and instruments, Educational psychology has an important role as the theoretical foundation.

The results of the tests will be the teacher’s consideration in choosing and applying teaching strategies, designing daily Idnplay poker activities, using practical languages, deciding reward and punishment methods, designing the learning assessment and evaluation, and others. Those help teachers in establishing an effective and meaningful learning process.

  1. To apply the right principles and solutions to solve students’ learning problem

During the learning process, some students might show some problems like learning difficulties, lacking motivation, bullying, etc. To solve the problems, a teacher should be careful and aware of the student’s personality and the background of the problems. After understanding the characteristics, with the help of Educational psychology, the teacher could find the rightest approach in solving the problems.

  1. To improve teachers’ ability

Educational psychology is not merely a branch to facilitate students’ learning. It is a wide branch that needs to be explored by teachers. After applying the theories in the classroom, the teachers could follow up with research. The finding of the research is the teachers’ contribution to this branch.