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Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

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Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

Psychology is interesting subject to explore and learn. It expands into several areas either blends, combine, integrate, or mix with other fields. One of them is educational psychology. This term refers to study of human learning. It involves quantitative analysis to understand the way human acquires the knowledge.

It started since ancient time when education became on the rise. In that time, a study of human was uncommon due to people thought this subject was unrealistic. Today, several concepts and theories have been introduced and developed. To understand more about this branch of psychology, you should start from historical background.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Understanding Educational Psychology

This field has two main perspectives. Firstly, you learn about human capability to obtain knowledge. In this case, researchers will explore aspects such as cognitive and behavior. Furthermore, study also includes motivation, self-regulation, human perceptive, self-concept, and self-assessment.

The second perspective is related to practical implementation. The most common example is educational activity in classroom. It is the small scale of how educational psychology will be implemented. Teachers use several methods and approaches to develop the suitable classroom management. The main objective is students have understand about certain knowledge or content.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Background and History
  1. Ancient era

Plato and Aristotle have been regarded as the sources of ancient philosophy. In that time, psychology was still unknown but both implemented some techniques to understand their students. They learned about personal characteristic that had significant impact during learning.  Plato used experience and sense to understand the world. Aristotle had different approach due to he focused on association. He put much effort on cognitive to understand the event in this world.

  1. Before 1900

During renaissance, psychology was not interesting subject. Most experts and scientists focuses on physic, math, chemical, biology, art, music, economics, and language. The only person who had significant role in this field was John Locke.

The rise of science and technology changed human life, community, and the world. In this situation, some researchers tried to understand how the human brain works. Many countries started to build schools, colleges, and universities. They wanted the best teaching method and this was the right moment for educational psychology.

Most of experts in this field developed learning method that was application for school. Edward Thorndike was one of leading reformer with teaching method that involved measurement and empirical evidence. In general, all theories and concepts in this era contributed to development of cognitive.

  1. Modern era

In modern era, John Dewey had been the top list as expert in education http://45.76.162.200. The most significant idea was progressive movement to make students more creative. The concept was different from his predecessors. The main difference was he considered a student as part of education. On the contrary, the old approach only tried how student could learn effectively.

When discussing about educational psychology, Benjamin Bloom is the expert that becomes primary references in many books, articles,

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning

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The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning

Psychology and education are interdependent with one another.  Because the understanding of psychology itself is in fact a science that studies human behaviour, then, in the world of education, even a professional teacher in their field should have understood the characteristics and mental states of their own students.  In other words, such general roles of psychology must be taken into consideration through the study of educational psychology during any types of classroom settings.

This is intended so that a lecturer can educate students in the teaching and learning process properly and optimally.  Therefore, a professional educator must acknowledge the science of educational psychology in advance.  In the following discussion, there are 4 roles of psychology that are significant in terms of promoting a successful learning process for all students.

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
  1. Know How Each Students Learn

Here, the role of psychology comes to play in the education area to find ways so that an educator can provide the best way for their students.  Certainly, in a way that students are able to learn to the maximum with every potential that they have.  In other words, each student has their own way of learning and understanding about a subject matter.  Lecturers must also understand that their main tasks are to help students to learn as well as possible in the best way they can.  For example, a preschooler would learn things differently than a college student.  So, an educator must also know how to approach their students in accordance to their grade level.

 Understand Student’s Development

Depending on their age, students’ development affects their ability to capture and respond to the theories delivered by their teacher.  If the first role above involves the way students learn depends on their abilities and also their grade level.  In this second point, the development of students also becomes an important point in the role of psychology in the world of education.   Here, the main focus is to find the right teaching and learning method.  That method is appropriate to the development of each student’s intellection.

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
 Contribute in the Decision Making Process of Learning and Teaching

In terms of the role of psychology in the contribution of the decision making process. An educator in their own field must make an optimal lesson plan for their lectures.  These can be processed into the form of a curriculum or syllabus.  Moreover, being a teacher must also be able to respond quickly and appropriately.  If problems occur unexpectedly in theory or the development of students’ intelligence later on.

 Make Learning and Teaching Active and Conducive

On this fourth point, it is very important if a teacher creates a better learning environment. Teacher is not just focusing on their role for the students.  With a good teaching environment, it is expected that the atmosphere of mutual learning between a teacher and their students can take place decently.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know

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Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know

Nowadays, the system of education is extremely complex. It means that there are some approaches that should be done to make students understand. Hence, educational psychologists focus on studying and learning methods to preserve the latest information. When it comes to the educational system, the ethics should be known and learn at first. Ethics in educational psychology refers to some proper rules when doing research. Thus, it is important to have accountability to protect the students as participants of the research from impairment.

Moral issues sometimes used to point the ethics. For this reason, it is used to justify whether the research is wrong or not. One of the most crucial issues when it comes to psychology in the educational field is making an allowance to the extent due to the research ethical. Hence, there are some ethical values in educational psychology you need to know.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
  • Safety from impairment

The most important values of ethics are to make the students feel safe from a psychological, impairment, or else. The harm, furthermore, could be so tricky to do since it is able to depend on the person as well as being complicated to perceive, both the researchers and the participants. However, the researchers know how to do their best to put off any gratuitous stress toward the participants.

  • Withdraw rights

When talking about ethics in educational psychology, it is essential to let the participant give their own withdraw rights. It means that they are allowed to run off the study anytime they want as well as let them know the impacts. It will make them feel more unhampered as well. Furthermore, it will also make them feel confident about the results they have already made.

  • in secret

After the withdrawal rights, it is good to keep the result in secret. Therefore, you will need to make the result anonymous so that the other students will not be able to recognize the results.

  • Dishonesty

It is well known that some studies may have some dishonesty results in anyways. For this reason, the ethics are used to prevent such characteristic which is able to stir up upon conclusion and result of the learning. Dishonesty, on the other hand, is adjacent to the ethical average set.

  • Conducting Debriefing

After the learning has already done, conducting debriefing is the next step the researcher should obtain. First of all, it is used to make sure that the students are all good without any impairment by the learning. On the other hand, it is also intended to ensure that you have already educated assent. In addition, debriefing also allows the students to have an occasion to eliminate the result of the study. Nevertheless, sometimes debriefing cannot work properly as the students did not recognize that they were joining the research.

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When it comes to educational psychology, it means everything about human development is learned. It used to comprehend personal learning as well as update the instructional procedures. While the student and teacher interaction is also part of the work, it doesn’t mean that their job is all about things.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know