The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
Psychology and education are interdependent with one another. Because the understanding of psychology itself is in fact a science that studies human behaviour, then, in the world of education, even a professional teacher in their field should have understood the characteristics and mental states of their own students. In other words, such general roles of psychology must be taken into consideration through the study of educational psychology during any types of classroom settings.
This is intended so that a lecturer can educate students in the teaching and learning process properly and optimally. Therefore, a professional educator must acknowledge the science of educational psychology in advance. In the following discussion, there are 4 roles of psychology that are significant in terms of promoting a successful learning process for all students.
Know How Each Students Learn
Here, the role of psychology comes to play in the education area to find ways so that an educator can provide the best way for their students. Certainly, in a way that students are able to learn to the maximum with every potential that they have. In other words, each student has their own way of learning and understanding about a subject matter. Lecturers must also understand that their main tasks are to help students to learn as well as possible in the best way they can. For example, a preschooler would learn things differently than a college student. So, an educator must also know how to approach their students in accordance to their grade level.
Understand Student’s Development
Depending on their age, students’ development affects their ability to capture and respond to the theories delivered by their teacher. If the first role above involves the way students learn depends on their abilities and also their grade level. In this second point, the development of students also becomes an important point in the role of psychology in the world of education. Here, the main focus is to find the right teaching and learning method. That method is appropriate to the development of each student’s intellection.
Contribute in the Decision Making Process of Learning and Teaching
In terms of the role of psychology in the contribution of the decision making process. An educator in their own field must make an optimal lesson plan for their lectures. These can be processed into the form of a curriculum or syllabus. Moreover, being a teacher must also be able to respond quickly and appropriately. If problems occur unexpectedly in theory or the development of students’ intelligence later on.
Make Learning and Teaching Active and Conducive
On this fourth point, it is very important if a teacher creates a better learning environment. Teacher is not just focusing on their role for the students. With a good teaching environment, it is expected that the atmosphere of mutual learning between a teacher and their students can take place decently.