Category: Educational Science

Educational Science

Some Benefits of Environmental Education

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Environmental Education

Education is a major factor in human formation. Education plays a role in shaping the good or bad of human beings according to normative measures. On the other hand, the process of development and human education not only occurs and is influenced by the educational process that exists in the formal education system (school) only. Humans throughout their lives will always get influence from family, school, nature, and the wider community or we call it as environmental education.

Environmental Education
Environmental Education

What is environmental education?

Basically, environmental education is a kind of education that allows you to connect with the surrounding environment. It is not only about learning, but it will teach us about both the built environment and the natural environment. With this kind of education, the people will be more aware of several problems that may influence our environment and how to improve or sustain it. It is very important to embed the education about the environment for students so they will care about our nature.

What are the benefits of environmental education?

There are a few advantages of environmental education that can also be applied to either formal education or informal education such as:

  • Environmental education can provide information to students about the importance of protecting the environment.
  • It can give awareness to students about the importance of the environment.
  • It can find out how sensitive students are to the surrounding environment.
  • Providing opportunities for everyone to gain knowledge, skills, attitudes/behaviors, motivation, and commitment, which are needed to work individually.
  • Environmental education includes the affective aspects of behavior, values, and commitment needed to build a sustainable society.
  • Environmental education in schools is one of the implementations of character education. Character education and environmental education instill character values to students which include knowledge (cognitive), awareness or willingness (effective), and action (psychomotor) to implement these values.
  • The process of developing the values on which becomes the base of the character requires an ongoing process, carried out through various subjects in the curriculum and one of them is through environmental educations,
  • Education is a planned effort in developing the potential of learners so that they have a system of thinking, values, morals, and beliefs that are inherited by their people and develop that heritage in a direction that is suitable for present and future lives.
  • Education is also a community and nation’s effort in preparing its young generation for a better life for the people and nation in the future. Sustainability is marked by cultural inheritance and character that has been owned by the people and nation.
Environmental Education
Environmental Education

Educational Psychology in the Field of Science Teaching

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Educational Psychology science

Educational psychology specifically describes activities or human activities in relation to the educational situation. For example, how to attract attention so that lessons can be easily accepted, how to learn and so on. It also has a big relation to educational science and games Educational science requires learners to understand all about science materials. Somehow, teachers who bring this lesson need to use some approaches in the science learning. What are the approaches that a teacher can take?

Educational Psychology science
Educational Psychology science

Inductive approach

It is a learning approach that starts from a specific one to or towards the general one or starts from examples to a conclusion.

Deductive approach

It is the opposite of an inductive approach, which is an approach that starts from the general to or towards the specific or starts from the conclusion to the examples.

Environmental Approach

It is an approach that directs students to use the environment as a learning resource. In the implementation of the environmental approach, students are generally taught outside the classroom. But, it is not impossible under certain conditions or to study certain objects can be carried to bring the environment into the classroom or into the laboratory.

Concept approach

It is an approach that directs students to master the concept correctly. This approach is very important to avoid students being misconstrued.

Process approach

It is a process-oriented approach, not to results. In this approach, students are expected to truly master the concept. Students not only understand the concept but can also illustrate or model and even conduct experiments. If students are able to do the learning process properly and correctly, it is assumed that they will be able to receive learning outcomes well.

Problem-solving approach

It is an approach that directs or trains students to be able to solve problems in the field of science or study fields studied. Problems are differences or gaps that occur between the desired and the reality that occurs so that the desire arises to solve it or find a solution.

Educational Psychology science
Educational Psychology science

Inquiry approach

It is an approach that directs students to find knowledge, ideas, and information through their own efforts.

Community technology science approach

Basically, the community technology science approach in learning is carried out by the teacher through topics discussed by connecting between science and technology related to their use in society. The goals include increased motivation and learning achievement in addition to broadening students’ knowledge.

Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics

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Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics

Educational mathematical becomes the most difficult teaching process that many math teachers face. Somehow, concerning educational psychology, educational mathematics has to be done correctly in order to give a better understanding to students. Anyway, there are a few ultimate tips on how to teach math well to make students understand it easily.

Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics
Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics
  1. Use a variety of multimedia

Some illustration in the form of images in boring textbooks and one-way teaching systems can make students become more confused with mathematics. Somehow, a teacher needs to use some teaching media such as using videos or animation that illustrate the issues so students become more attentive because there is a visual appeal.

  1. Start with a short question

For the beginning, we can provide short mathematical problems with fewer known elements. Then, lure students to ask other instructions that can help solve the problem slowly. This is to find out whether students have understood the concept of formulas and made them more active.

  1. Create games

It is undeniable that creating a game is a good way to make students interested in learning match. Well, a teacher can arrange games competition between groups to solve math problems. The ability of students can also be seen from this method because they do not get score pressure so that we can pure measure the extent to which the students understand the subject matter.

  1. Map your students

It is indeed quite difficult to analyze each student individually, but a teacher is able to start with students mapping through the most difficult material for students. Then, the teacher can analyze their quiz results and exams, and evaluate the students who have difficulties in learning Mathematics. Thus, the teacher will understand who need more help in this educational mathematics.

  1. Create a learning group

After students are well mapped, you can form a study group consisting of students who are expected to complement each other. For example, a combination of several students who are quick and easy to understand with some students who have difficulty in learning math. Thus, students will be able to help each other and then the students will understand the material well.

Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics
Educational Psychology in the Field of Mathematics

Well, those are the five ultimate ways that any math teachers try in order to help students understand this difficult lesson. In fact, there are actually other ways concerning the educational mathematics that will make teachers feel easy to teach their students.

The Role of Psychology in Education

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Psychology in Education

Educational psychology has become the basis for the formation and development of curriculum systems, learning, and assessment in the world of education. Its contribution to the development of the world education can be explained as follows:

The role of psychology in the education curriculum

Psychologically, students’ self-development is based on affective, cognitive, and psychomotor abilities. This ability can be seen in the development of attitudes, motivation, behavior, and other components. The learning component is a process from input to output. Then, the use of the curriculum as a framework for the flow of inputs to the output or good results requires the nature of psychology.

The curriculum that is currently being developed is a competency-based curriculum. Competence aims to develop capabilities in skills, knowledge, and reflection in thinking and acting. The habit of thinking and acting with consistent self-reflection allows the formation of a superior and competent students.

Psychology in Education
Psychology in Education

The role of psychology in the learning system

Associated with psychological theories that affect a person in behaviour, psychology also influences the learning system in the world of education positively. Students become serious about learning when the psychological response is guided by the teacher well. In addition, the process of understanding a topic’s learning becomes easier by solving the learning problems experienced. The desire becomes higher with the psychological approach of the teacher with pleasant interaction and communication.

Besides, educational psychology has also given birth to the principles of learning as described by Sudirwo:

–    A person who learns must have a goal.

–    Goals are born of needs, not coercion

–    Must be willing to experience some difficulties.

–    Learning is proven by behavior change.

–    Learning requires insight into what must be learned and understood.

–    Someone needs guidance.

–    Exams need to be done but are preceded by understanding.

The role of psychology in the assessment system

Psychology has also given its role in the scoring system. For example, an educator can use a psychological test to find out the level of intelligence of students, aptitude tests from to find out potential talents contained in students so that it is easier to provide guidance in helping develop the students’ self-potential.

Psychology in Education
Psychology in Education

The personality aspect test can also help teachers know their students’ personalities better so that they can provide a better approach in the learning process. Various psychological tests can help provide an assessment of each student to make it easier to bridge the wishes, potential, and dreams of students in accordance with their abilities and talents.