When talking about psychology, particularly in the field of education, some educational psychologists may consider a few different perspectives when they face some problem in an education system. These perspectives can describe how students or learners can increase their skills when they are following a certain learning process.
Here are a few perspectives that most educational psychologists see as important parts.
The behavioral perspective is to explain that students behaviors can be learned based on conditioning. Most of the psychologists that consider this perspective as the option count on the operant conditioning principles in order to describe how the learning process occurs. For instance, instructions, educators, and teachers can use simple items to give a reward to students with good behaviors such as using toys or candy. In fact, this method may not totally succeed in certain cases, especially in the term of attitudes, intrinsic motivation for learning, cognition.
The developmental perspective gives a clear definition of how learners get some new knowledge and skills in the learning process as they join the class. One of the most popular development theory that is also considered as the most important one was first introduced by Jean Piaget with his cognitive development stage. It explains how kids or learners can develop and grow smartly and intellectually. This can be very useful for any education psychologists who want to understand what learners can get or do as they grow. In this case, it can also help teachers prepare the best instructional materials according to learners’ ages.
The cognitive perspective has been experiencing a great development since it was first introduced in which it focuses on several aspects such as emotions, belief, motivation, and memories that may contribute it the learning process. Cognitive psychology aims to understand how students learn, think, remember, and process information in the field of education. This cognitive perspective is preferable because educational psychologists are able to know how learners or students can be motivated to study, how they are able to solve some issues in the learning process, and how they can remember that materials they study, and much more.
The constructivist approach belongs to a new theory in the field of educational psychology that understands who students can actively construct the information they get from the learning process related to the world. Constructivism also relies on several aspects such as cultural impacts and social influence that can influence how kids study or learn.
Somehow, the field of educational psychology may be still a new discipline that will keep growing up as many experts feel interested in knowing about how students learn something in order to increase the quality of learning process.