Students from Education departments, teachers, trainers, lecturers, and other teaching-related positions must be familiar with this topic. It is mostly taught at the university level or in a training program. Yet, what is the significance of Educational psychology and why should it be taught?
Educational psychology scopes
Educational psychology is a branch of psychology. Focusing on Education, the study includes every subject involved during the teaching and learning process. The main subject is the learners. Topic discussions are mostly related to the human (students) behaviors, the factors, the instruments, the techniques, and more.
This branch has been established for decades because it originally comes from philosophy. There are several figures in this study such as John Locke, B.F. Skinner, Jean Piaget, Benjamin Bloom, Jerome Bruner, Howard Gardner, and more. They had produced some theories that can be applied to the classroom. With dozens of theories related to this study, there are several goals hopefully to be achieved. They are listed below.
Main goals of Educational psychology
To help teachers to understand students better
Students are varied individually. The variation has been categorized in the study to help teachers in identifying the students’ types. There are several categories. The example is students learning styles. Based on this category, students belong to visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners.
Those children show their own characteristics and have their own needs during the learning process. There are more aspects of students’ characteristics such as age, maturity, motivation, learning style, Intelligence level, and others. Once you know a student with his/her characteristics, you can choose the most suitable teaching method in delivering the material and how to deal with your student.
To carry out an effective and meaningful learning process
Understanding students’ characteristics takes time and processes. For the early stage, a teacher can observe and identify the students with the help of some instruments and tests. To make such tests and instruments, Educational psychology has an important role as the theoretical foundation.
The results of the tests will be the teacher’s consideration in choosing and applying teaching strategies, designing daily Idnplay poker activities, using practical languages, deciding reward and punishment methods, designing the learning assessment and evaluation, and others. Those help teachers in establishing an effective and meaningful learning process.
To apply the right principles and solutions to solve students’ learning problem
During the learning process, some students might show some problems like learning difficulties, lacking motivation, bullying, etc. To solve the problems, a teacher should be careful and aware of the student’s personality and the background of the problems. After understanding the characteristics, with the help of Educational psychology, the teacher could find the rightest approach in solving the problems.
To improve teachers’ ability
Educational psychology is not merely a branch to facilitate students’ learning. It is a wide branch that needs to be explored by teachers. After applying the theories in the classroom, the teachers could follow up with research. The finding of the research is the teachers’ contribution to this branch.