Author: Craig Tino

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

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Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today

Psychology is interesting subject to explore and learn. It expands into several areas either blends, combine, integrate, or mix with other fields. One of them is educational psychology. This term refers to study of human learning. It involves quantitative analysis to understand the way human acquires the knowledge.

It started since ancient time when education became on the rise. In that time, a study of human was uncommon due to people thought this subject was unrealistic. Today, several concepts and theories have been introduced and developed. To understand more about this branch of psychology, you should start from historical background.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Understanding Educational Psychology

This field has two main perspectives. Firstly, you learn about human capability to obtain knowledge. In this case, researchers will explore aspects such as cognitive and behavior. Furthermore, study also includes motivation, self-regulation, human perceptive, self-concept, and self-assessment.

The second perspective is related to practical implementation. The most common example is educational activity in classroom. It is the small scale of how educational psychology will be implemented. Teachers use several methods and approaches to develop the suitable classroom management. The main objective is students have understand about certain knowledge or content.

Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Exploring Educational Psychology from Ancient Era until Today
Background and History
  1. Ancient era

Plato and Aristotle have been regarded as the sources of ancient philosophy. In that time, psychology was still unknown but both implemented some techniques to understand their students. They learned about personal characteristic that had significant impact during learning.  Plato used experience and sense to understand the world. Aristotle had different approach due to he focused on association. He put much effort on cognitive to understand the event in this world.

  1. Before 1900

During renaissance, psychology was not interesting subject. Most experts and scientists focuses on physic, math, chemical, biology, art, music, economics, and language. The only person who had significant role in this field was John Locke.

The rise of science and technology changed human life, community, and the world. In this situation, some researchers tried to understand how the human brain works. Many countries started to build schools, colleges, and universities. They wanted the best teaching method and this was the right moment for educational psychology.

Most of experts in this field developed learning method that was application for school. Edward Thorndike was one of leading reformer with teaching method that involved measurement and empirical evidence. In general, all theories and concepts in this era contributed to development of cognitive.

  1. Modern era

In modern era, John Dewey had been the top list as expert in education http://45.76.162.200. The most significant idea was progressive movement to make students more creative. The concept was different from his predecessors. The main difference was he considered a student as part of education. On the contrary, the old approach only tried how student could learn effectively.

When discussing about educational psychology, Benjamin Bloom is the expert that becomes primary references in many books, articles,

Main Focus on Educational Psychology

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Main Focus on Educational Psychology

Talking about the educational system, there is an exact learning approach that will work best for everyone. This is because everyone has a different personality and learning ability. Psychologists of education continuously try to identity kinds of learning methods to understand how people absorb new information.

Main Focus on Educational Psychology
Main Focus on Educational Psychology
What is educational psychology?

Educational psychology is a study that involves the study and observation of how people learn. This includes main focuses such as student outcomes, individual characteristics in learning, instructional process, and many more.

Educational psychology applies theories of the development of an individual learning process and understanding. Even though students’ and teachers’ interaction in school is important but it is not the main focus of the job. Learning is a lifetime project. People do not only learn from school but also work in social situations, and so on.

What is the main focus of educational psychology?

There are lots of branches of psychology which most of it features different approach or focus that can be used as problem-solving. Education psychology is no exception. The focus area of educational psychology may be also referred to as the elements of teaching and learning situations. Here are some main focuses on educational psychology.

Main Focus on Educational Psychology
Main Focus on Educational Psychology

Subject matter – the subject matter refers to the content of learning. The content should be easy to learn. That is why it is supposed to be organized, selected, and presented in a way that makes it easy to learn. Teachers should deliver the content in clear and fluent communication to succeed in this task. Besides, the teacher should also consider the level of difficulty to make sure that learners can easily understand the content.

Learner – in this teaching and learning process, learner plays an important role. Without a learner, there will be no teaching activity. Learners in a classroom bring different personalities, experiences, cultural orientation, economic background, understanding level, and many more. Teachers should be able to address these differences and use the appropriate psychological approach to understand each learner.

Learning process – The learning process brings changes in behavior, reorganizing of thinking, improve performance, and also discover new information and concepts for learners. This learning process involves everything that people usually do when learning. Besides, teachers will also understand the learners’ situations that make the learning process probable.

Learning environment – this refers to the surrounding where learners find themselves and also where the learning process takes place. It can also be defined as any facts that affect the learning process and the learner in anyways. This can be the facilities, learning condition, and so on.

Social climate – Social climate cannot be separated from the learning environment. This factor can help facilitate the learning process or even hinder it. It is referred to like human interaction that happens in any classroom situation between learners and teachers. The interaction can be hostile or cordial which depends on the classroom situation.

What Is Educational Psychology For?

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What Is Educational Psychology For?

Students from Education departments, teachers, trainers, lecturers, and other teaching-related positions must be familiar with this topic. It is mostly taught at the university level or in a training program. Yet, what is the significance of Educational psychology and why should it be taught?

What Is Educational Psychology For?
What Is Educational Psychology For?

Educational psychology scopes

Educational psychology is a branch of psychology. Focusing on Education, the study includes every subject involved during the teaching and learning process. The main subject is the learners. Topic discussions are mostly related to the human (students) behaviors, the factors, the instruments, the techniques, and more.

This branch has been established for decades because it originally comes from philosophy. There are several figures in this study such as John Locke, B.F. Skinner, Jean Piaget, Benjamin Bloom, Jerome Bruner, Howard Gardner, and more. They had produced some theories that can be applied to the classroom. With dozens of theories related to this study, there are several goals hopefully to be achieved. They are listed below.

What Is Educational Psychology For?
What Is Educational Psychology For?

Main goals of Educational psychology

  1. To help teachers to understand students better

Students are varied individually. The variation has been categorized in the study to help teachers in identifying the students’ types. There are several categories. The example is students learning styles. Based on this category, students belong to visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners.

Those children show their own characteristics and have their own needs during the learning process. There are more aspects of students’ characteristics such as age, maturity, motivation, learning style, Intelligence level, and others. Once you know a student with his/her characteristics, you can choose the most suitable teaching method in delivering the material and how to deal with your student.

  1. To carry out an effective and meaningful learning process

Understanding students’ characteristics takes time and processes. For the early stage, a teacher can observe and identify the students with the help of some instruments and tests. To make such tests and instruments, Educational psychology has an important role as the theoretical foundation.

The results of the tests will be the teacher’s consideration in choosing and applying teaching strategies, designing daily Idnplay poker activities, using practical languages, deciding reward and punishment methods, designing the learning assessment and evaluation, and others. Those help teachers in establishing an effective and meaningful learning process.

  1. To apply the right principles and solutions to solve students’ learning problem

During the learning process, some students might show some problems like learning difficulties, lacking motivation, bullying, etc. To solve the problems, a teacher should be careful and aware of the student’s personality and the background of the problems. After understanding the characteristics, with the help of Educational psychology, the teacher could find the rightest approach in solving the problems.

  1. To improve teachers’ ability

Educational psychology is not merely a branch to facilitate students’ learning. It is a wide branch that needs to be explored by teachers. After applying the theories in the classroom, the teachers could follow up with research. The finding of the research is the teachers’ contribution to this branch.

The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers

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The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers

The science of Educational psychology is a branch of psychological science that learns about the world of education in terms of developmental intuition, cognitive, and behaviours. The Science of Education psychology is useful to know the types of teaching methods to achieve an effective learning system.

Generally, this educational psychology must be mastered by the teachers. Because, as a teacher it is not only required to master the subject matter. Teachers are also required to create a comfortable learning ambience.

From this comfortable learning ambience , students can absorb the science materials taught by the teachers. For that, there are 6 advantages for teachers that learn about the science of educational psychology.

The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers
The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers
Here Are 6 Advantages Of learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers.

As a teacher it has a heavy duty, which is to convey knowledge to students. However, there are many obstacles that cause the science to not being understood by the disciples.

For that, a teacher is also obliged to have basic educational psychology. Because, there is a distinct advantage of learning one branch of psychology. To that, here’s 6 advantages of studying the science of education psychology at teachers. Among them are as follows:

  1. Can distinguish student characters

Every human being does have different characters and personalities. Same with the students at school. As a teacher who has an understanding of educational psychology, the teacher can distinguish the students ‘ characters. So, the teacher can adjust the teaching methods of the classroom. So that all the disciples can receive the learning materials delivered by the teacher.

The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers
The Advantages Of Learning The Science Of Education Psychology For Teachers
  1. Create a comfortable and conducive learning ambience

One of the barriers of teachers in teaching was the high class condition because of the disciples. However, many teachers choose how to punish the students so that the class condition are returned comfortably and conducive.

However, for teachers studying the psychology of education, it uses persuasive means for students to be calm as teachers explain the lesson. For that, it is good for teachers to be equipped with educational psychology science.

  1. As an objective learning evaluation method

The science of education psychology can be used as an objective method of evaluating learning. So, teachers can provide an objective assessment of the students through exam results. The results of this exam are a reference from teachers to know the level of intelligence of the disciples.

  1. As a medium to motivate students

In one class, there are certainly some students that are unable to absorb the subject matter http://206.189.95.172. As a teacher, you must motivate students that are experiencing problems learning. For the student to have a passion for learning. To motivate the student, you can apply the educational psychology that has been mastered before.

 As a character forming Media of the Disciples

As a teacher, you are also required to help shape the disciples ‘ character. On average, the school’s students still don’t understand their future. So, the task of a teacher is to give an idea and thoughts about the future. So, students can choose the future goals that correspond to their dreams. For that, the character formation of student becomes one of the assignments to a teacher.

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning

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The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning

Psychology and education are interdependent with one another.  Because the understanding of psychology itself is in fact a science that studies human behaviour, then, in the world of education, even a professional teacher in their field should have understood the characteristics and mental states of their own students.  In other words, such general roles of psychology must be taken into consideration through the study of educational psychology during any types of classroom settings.

This is intended so that a lecturer can educate students in the teaching and learning process properly and optimally.  Therefore, a professional educator must acknowledge the science of educational psychology in advance.  In the following discussion, there are 4 roles of psychology that are significant in terms of promoting a successful learning process for all students.

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
  1. Know How Each Students Learn

Here, the role of psychology comes to play in the education area to find ways so that an educator can provide the best way for their students.  Certainly, in a way that students are able to learn to the maximum with every potential that they have.  In other words, each student has their own way of learning and understanding about a subject matter.  Lecturers must also understand that their main tasks are to help students to learn as well as possible in the best way they can.  For example, a preschooler would learn things differently than a college student.  So, an educator must also know how to approach their students in accordance to their grade level.

 Understand Student’s Development

Depending on their age, students’ development affects their ability to capture and respond to the theories delivered by their teacher.  If the first role above involves the way students learn depends on their abilities and also their grade level.  In this second point, the development of students also becomes an important point in the role of psychology in the world of education.   Here, the main focus is to find the right teaching and learning method.  That method is appropriate to the development of each student’s intellection.

The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
The Role of Psychology in the World of Education and Learning
 Contribute in the Decision Making Process of Learning and Teaching

In terms of the role of psychology in the contribution of the decision making process. An educator in their own field must make an optimal lesson plan for their lectures.  These can be processed into the form of a curriculum or syllabus.  Moreover, being a teacher must also be able to respond quickly and appropriately.  If problems occur unexpectedly in theory or the development of students’ intelligence later on.

 Make Learning and Teaching Active and Conducive

On this fourth point, it is very important if a teacher creates a better learning environment. Teacher is not just focusing on their role for the students.  With a good teaching environment, it is expected that the atmosphere of mutual learning between a teacher and their students can take place decently.

How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era

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How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era

Decades ago, teachers used to be perceived as an all-knowing authority figure. While the students were considered as empty box ready to be loaded with all kinds of information. The learning method was conducted in one-way communication. Where the room for questions, even trivial ones were thought to be a form of disobedience from the students.

One of our greatest inventors

Thomas Alva Edison, was remarked as “difficult child” by his teachers and peers due to his inquisitive nature combined with his hyperactivity. His mother, however, saw his potential and ultimately decided it was best for him to be home schooled where he discovered his desire to challenge the existing system.

How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era
How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era

The cost of Edison’s hard work paid off when his invention

the lightbulb, which originally came from previous imperfect experimentations on electric light, is commercially produced to light millions of homes around the world. It is now becoming the bare necessity we can’t live without up until this moment.

So, did the world know that Edison will become the greatest inventor and pioneer. That someday would inspire other companies and individuals to improve the quality of his inventions? Yes, it was all started from his mother’s decision to personally taught Edison at home. Which unknowingly created a butterfly effect that fueled his love for science.

It is an undeniable fact that education has a significant role in preparing the next generation for facing the unknown and the uncertain in the future instead of producing similar-minded and ready to use robots. So, stimulating the students to develop their own creativity, critical thinking, and decision-making in receiving complex information are the skills that are highly prioritized for them to become agile, where changes happen quicker and reaction time to changes are becoming shorter.

How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era
How to Effectively Step Up Your Teaching Method in Tech-Based Era

So, what’s left for the teacher, then? With the rapid awareness in internet literacy, students are able to seek any information any time. Meanwhile, the teacher’s role changes into a supporting figure or a mentor for the students who provide insight and guidance, while the students are now are the star in their own learning process. This is known as student-centered learning.

Student-centred learning

The first student-centered learning method is inquiry-based learning. Instead of directly providing facts and data during the class, the teacher gives a case or question that needs to be solved by the students. This method emphasizes on independent knowledge seeking, analyzing, and concluding in forms of either presentation, video, printed display, or academic writing. In inquiry-based learning, the “what” evolves into “how”. Thus it creates a stimulation for the students to understand the given topic comprehensively.

The second method is expeditionary learning. This method focuses on the student as a significant part of their community. Although it is not widely applied in educational institutions yet. This method implies that the students can and able to change the world, even through small impact in their environment.

For example, a student might learn about heavy metal pollution in soil poses a dangerous threat to people. Who consume vegetables and fruits which grow from the contaminated soil. He found out that sunflower has the ability to absorb dangerous chemical substances. He decided to try planting sunflowers in the affected soil in order to decrease the likelihood of heavy metal contamination. Then, he conducted a lab test on the soil’s heavy metal content before and after the treatment from time to time to compare the effectivity of the sunflower’s performance in absorbing the heavy metals. He would conclude the optimum period of time of the sunflower performance based on the data he collected.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know

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Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know

Nowadays, the system of education is extremely complex. It means that there are some approaches that should be done to make students understand. Hence, educational psychologists focus on studying and learning methods to preserve the latest information. When it comes to the educational system, the ethics should be known and learn at first. Ethics in educational psychology refers to some proper rules when doing research. Thus, it is important to have accountability to protect the students as participants of the research from impairment.

Moral issues sometimes used to point the ethics. For this reason, it is used to justify whether the research is wrong or not. One of the most crucial issues when it comes to psychology in the educational field is making an allowance to the extent due to the research ethical. Hence, there are some ethical values in educational psychology you need to know.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
  • Safety from impairment

The most important values of ethics are to make the students feel safe from a psychological, impairment, or else. The harm, furthermore, could be so tricky to do since it is able to depend on the person as well as being complicated to perceive, both the researchers and the participants. However, the researchers know how to do their best to put off any gratuitous stress toward the participants.

  • Withdraw rights

When talking about ethics in educational psychology, it is essential to let the participant give their own withdraw rights. It means that they are allowed to run off the study anytime they want as well as let them know the impacts. It will make them feel more unhampered as well. Furthermore, it will also make them feel confident about the results they have already made.

  • in secret

After the withdrawal rights, it is good to keep the result in secret. Therefore, you will need to make the result anonymous so that the other students will not be able to recognize the results.

  • Dishonesty

It is well known that some studies may have some dishonesty results in anyways. For this reason, the ethics are used to prevent such characteristic which is able to stir up upon conclusion and result of the learning. Dishonesty, on the other hand, is adjacent to the ethical average set.

  • Conducting Debriefing

After the learning has already done, conducting debriefing is the next step the researcher should obtain. First of all, it is used to make sure that the students are all good without any impairment by the learning. On the other hand, it is also intended to ensure that you have already educated assent. In addition, debriefing also allows the students to have an occasion to eliminate the result of the study. Nevertheless, sometimes debriefing cannot work properly as the students did not recognize that they were joining the research.

check https://territorioinsular.org/academic-psychology-reviews-tips/

When it comes to educational psychology, it means everything about human development is learned. It used to comprehend personal learning as well as update the instructional procedures. While the student and teacher interaction is also part of the work, it doesn’t mean that their job is all about things.

Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know
Important Ethics Values in Educational Psychology Researcher Should Know