Talking about the educational system, there is an exact learning approach that will work best for everyone. This is because everyone has a different personality and learning ability. Psychologists of education continuously try to identity kinds of learning methods to understand how people absorb new information.
What is educational psychology?
Educational psychology is a study that involves the study and observation of how people learn. This includes main focuses such as student outcomes, individual characteristics in learning, instructional process, and many more.
Educational psychology applies theories of the development of an individual learning process and understanding. Even though students’ and teachers’ interaction in school is important but it is not the main focus of the job. Learning is a lifetime project. People do not only learn from school but also work in social situations, and so on.
What is the main focus of educational psychology?
There are lots of branches of psychology which most of it features different approach or focus that can be used as problem-solving. Education psychology is no exception. The focus area of educational psychology may be also referred to as the elements of teaching and learning situations. Here are some main focuses on educational psychology.
Subject matter – the subject matter refers to the content of learning. The content should be easy to learn. That is why it is supposed to be organized, selected, and presented in a way that makes it easy to learn. Teachers should deliver the content in clear and fluent communication to succeed in this task. Besides, the teacher should also consider the level of difficulty to make sure that learners can easily understand the content.
Learner – in this teaching and learning process, learner plays an important role. Without a learner, there will be no teaching activity. Learners in a classroom bring different personalities, experiences, cultural orientation, economic background, understanding level, and many more. Teachers should be able to address these differences and use the appropriate psychological approach to understand each learner.
Learning process – The learning process brings changes in behavior, reorganizing of thinking, improve performance, and also discover new information and concepts for learners. This learning process involves everything that people usually do when learning. Besides, teachers will also understand the learners’ situations that make the learning process probable.
Learning environment – this refers to the surrounding where learners find themselves and also where the learning process takes place. It can also be defined as any facts that affect the learning process and the learner in anyways. This can be the facilities, learning condition, and so on.
Social climate – Social climate cannot be separated from the learning environment. This factor can help facilitate the learning process or even hinder it. It is referred to like human interaction that happens in any classroom situation between learners and teachers. The interaction can be hostile or cordial which depends on the classroom situation.